• IELTS Essay Sample: “The positive and negative effects of retirement on retirees’ life”

    Discuss the positive and negative effects of retirement on retirees’ life.

     

    Retirement may seem to be an ending or a closing, but it also can be a new chapter or a beginning with its own benefits and drawbacks that will be discussed in this essay.    

    On the minus side, retirement has the potential to adversely impact retirees’ finances. For a large number of people in different countries, retirement means having difficulty in making ends meet owing to the fact that those who stop working because of reaching a certain age are very unlikely to earn half as much income as they used to generate and this is while they might have to pay for an array of extra expenditures namely medical expenses. A case in point is Iran where the retired have to seek for a part time job due to high inflation; otherwise, they will have to grapple with financial challenges as long as they are alive.

    Moreover, physical health and conditions are bound to be endangered once people retire. For some senior citizens abandoning one’s job due to age limitations equals not only living a sedentary life but also being engaged in passive activities like watching TV. Statistics issued by UN Retiree Associations indicate that pensioners are twice as much in danger of cardiovascular diseases as other society members. Another great impact of retirement might be felt mentally and emotionally as their sense of identity and usefulness was tied up in their occupation for many years and leaving the job would hurt it.

    On the plus side, retirement can be an opportunity to find new ways to get engaged in activities of which retirees were deprived for long due to their tight schedule. Volunteering at a community organization, mentoring a child, or becoming more involved with grandchildren are just some typical examples. Furthermore, responsibilities at work are a major source of anxiety for many employees whether they are junior clerks or high-ranking managers, and retirement might offer a respite from the pressure of work. By removing the need to perform a high standard service to meet specific targets or the stress that may come from interacting with superiors and customers, retirement can bring peace of mind.

    In conclusion, quitting the rat race could be nice; however, one has to adopt themselves to get along with less cheese.

    Hamid Mollazadeh

    Time: 45′

    Word count: 37

  • IELTS Essay Sample: “Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal”

    Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.
    Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

     

    People have different views about how governments should measure their countries’ progress. While economic progress is of course essential, I agree with those who believe that other measures of progress are just as important.

    There are three key reasons why economic growth is seen as a fundamental goal for countries. Firstly, a healthy economy results in job creation, a high level of employment, and better salaries for all citizens. Secondly, economic progress ensures that more money is available for governments to spend on infrastructure and public services. For example, a government with higher revenues can invest in the country’s transport network, its education system and its hospitals. Finally, a strong economy can help a country’s standing on the global stage, in terms of its political influence and trading power.

    However, I would argue that various other forms of progress are just as significant as the economic factors mentioned above. In particular, we should consider the area of social justice, human rights, equality and democracy itself. For example, the treatment of minority groups is often seen as a reflection of the moral standards and level of development of a society. Perhaps another key consideration when judging the progress of a modern country should be how well that country protects the natural environment, and whether it is moving towards environmental sustainability. Alternatively, the success of a nation could be measured by looking at the health, well-being and happiness of its residents.

    In conclusion, the economy is obviously a key marker of a country’s success, but social, environmental and health criteria are equally significant.

  • IELTS Essay Sample: “advantages and disadvantages of making unemployed people take any job”

    Some people believe that unemployed people should be made to work for their welfare/benefit payments. Others, however, see this as cheap labor.
    Discuss the possible advantages and disadvantages of making unemployed people take any job.
    Do you believe that making unemployed people work is a good idea?

    Unemployment is one of commonly problem in the developing countries. Some people think that several jobs should be provided for unemployed people even though others see this as the form of outsourcing labor. I would argue that making unemployed people to take any job will make them being productive inhabitants, who can contribute to increase the country’s income, and also automatically will reduce the rate of unemployment.

    It is true that making people who do not have a job will make them being cheap labor since their academic level cannot compete with professional workers. Result shows that mostly companies are looking for employees who have a degree certificate than they who are only high school graduates although they have an equal skill. It is thus clear that unemployed people who are given a job will be lower salary labor.

    In addition, the high rate of unemployment triggers to an outsourcing system, which hires cheap labor with no social guarantee. The result of a research held by National University in Indonesia proved that many workers who are involved to this system do not get a health guarantee that has already regulated by the government. As a result, the outsourcing company often cut the workers’ salary that is expensive under treatment. It is imperative that cheap labor occurs as a consequence of the high number of unemployed people.

    However, in my opinion, hiring jobless people will bring some benefits not only for the workers itself but also for the states. First, unemployed people will be productive. They will produce money to fulfil their daily essentials. Second, the rate of unemployment is going to decrease, which also means it will increase the rate of welfare people. Take Indonesia as an example, the government announced to public in 2010 that unemployment rate has been decreasing over the last 10 years due to many career opportunist which are provided by government. It is evident that there is a significant effect of making unemployed people work. Third, it cannot be denied that more people have a job and produce money, more tax revenue that the state can get.

    In conclusion, it seems to me that although providing jobs for unemployed people will do not guarantee them get a good salary, I strongly believe that it is better for jobless people to have an occupation as they can produce income not only for themselves but also for the country. Where possible, the government should improve the controlling system to guarantee the social welfare of labor.

  • IELTS Essay Sample: “benefits from dams vs. anti-dam policies”

    Some presume that people receive major benefits from dams, yet others have adopted anti-dam policies.

    Discuss both ideas and state your opinion.

     

     People are at loggerheads over constructing dams. Despite the fact that some concur with the notion of building dams, there are still dissenting voices who have their own compelling arguments regarding the issue. 

     To begin with, those who follow pro-dam policies argue that dams are bound to offer a wide range of socio-economic and environmental benefits including recreation, flood control, water supply and electricity generation. Not only are canoeing, jet skiing and swimming supported by dams, but also communities have dammed up for centuries to help impound floodwater, which then is either released to the river below the dam or stored for other uses like carrying out irrigation projects. The last but not least, dams account for generating 35% of green energy in the world in the form of hydroelectric power.

    Nonetheless, others, including I myself, keep asking why colossal budgets should be expended on building dams when there is not enough water to store due to the low rainfall in most parts of the world. Moreover, building dams is likely to be associated with problems, some of which are seepage and evaporation, resulting in a great deal of water wastage. Opponents also refer to statistics issued by the World Commission on Dams that indicate the rate at which dams are built in the world has plunged from almost 1,000 a year in the mid-1970s to about 250 in the early 2000s.

     To conclude, I personally concede dams, though essential sources of water and electricity, are most probably not the optimal solution to alleviate the world’s water crisis that explains why concerted efforts must be made to pull the plug on constructing such structures as failing to do so might create dangerous illusions of water abundance and make a bad situation worse.

     

    Hamid Mollazadeh

    Word count: 295

    Time: 50’

  • IELTS Writing Task 2: Early adopter of new technologies

    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being an early adopter of new technologies.

     

    State-of-the-art technology has dramatically impacted a wide range of issues ranging from economy to culture in different nations. There is still no general consensus on pros and cons of being an early adopter of cutting-edge technological breakthroughs as it can have as many advantages as disadvantages.

    With regard to plus points, early adopters of modern equipment are likely to take advantage of having access to what may or may not be accessible to others in coming years, meaning they are one step ahead of their potential rivals. An illustration of this is all commercial enterprises that pioneered the field of artificial intelligent and virtual reality. Had they not taken the lead, they would not be market leaders. Moreover, first buyers of cool and awesome gadgets might be entitled to special terms and conditions in exchange not only for dealing with the bugs that most early-stage products have but also for their word-of-mouth marketing for a new device that might bolster its reputation.

    Nevertheless, those who order newest high-tech gadgets as soon as they are released run the risk of paying maximum price that the product will ever be worth. Indeed, despite the fact that they are being charged exorbitantly, they would rarely be able to fetch the same price were they to resell it. Furthermore, early adopters might fall victim to an overhyped release whether it is a PC game or a high-tech gadget. In other words, the product may not be what they expected it to be that explains why as an early adopters, you are probably shooting in the dark. The last but not least, when new innovations come onto the scene, they are bound to come with compatibility issues that can prove inconvenient at best or unusable at worst. For example, when USB 3.0 first came out, it required a new port.

    To sum it all up in one word, it would be uncertainty. I personally am willing to concede early adoption would appear more like a desperate gamble and I am not the one who takes it.

    Hamid Mollazadeh

    Time: 55′

    Word count: 345

  • IELTS Writing, Task 2: to use energy-saving modes of transportation like hybrid cars

     Some prefer to use energy-saving modes of transportation like hybrid cars.

     

    Discuss pros and cons of this mode of transportation.

     

    Popularity of oft-mentioned hybrid cars, which can switch between a fossil fuel and an alternate energy source, has grown immensely over the last decade. Hybrid automobiles not only conserve fuel but also emit less environmentally-unfriendly gases namely carbon dioxide. Nevertheless, green cars’ high cost and low power might be cited as major drawbacks.

     

    To begin with, the most distinct advantage of hybrid cars over gasoline-powered vehicles is that they run cleaner because of which they are exempted from traffic congestion scheme charges in metropolises. For instance in Tehran in addition to emergency response vehicles including police, fire and ambulance services, hybrid means of transport is also allowed to enter banned areas for free whereas fossil fuel powered cars are either levied monthly charges or not permitted in the commercial and business center of the city. Moreover, energy-saving vehicles have better gas mileage, meaning despite covering longer distances than regular automobiles, they are bound to consume much less petrol that is one of the main culprits and contributors behind the worsening air pollution.

     

    In contrast, looking at downside of eco-friendly forms of transport, it might be argued that they are less powerful than single engine cars. Translation: they are suited neither for racing nor for carrying heavy goods, which explains why their market share is limited compared to that of traditional cars. Furthermore, they are seemingly highly priced and a significant proportion of the world population is unlikely to be able to afford them. Take Iran, a nation of 80 million people, as a case in point. Close to 20 million cars are possessed by a wide range of households in this country, of which less than 1% is hybrid due to their exorbitant prices.

     

    Having considered all the above-mentioned facts, I personally concede that there is a promising future for green energy fueled vehicles, although they may not be economically viable in a large number of countries for the time being. 

     

     

    Hamid Mollazadeh

    Time: 50′

    Word count: 340

  • IELTS Essay Sample: The Upside & Downside of Social Media

    The Upside & Downside of Social Media

    Cyber-based, social media tools namely Telegram, Facebook, and Instagram, without a shadow of doubt, have revolutionized the way people communicate with one another. There are virtues and drawbacks to everything and as this essay will discuss, social networking applications are no exceptions.

      

    On the plus side, social media seem to have the potential to assist individuals in building relationships and strengthening their connections. Twitter, WhatsApp, LinkedIn, as well as a plethora of other similar sites can help an array of people not only be reunited with old intimates but also pour out troubles anonymously. To be precise, remaining anonymous while sharing concerns with whomever you may or may not know is another distinct advantage of interacting with others via the newly- emerged mediums as some find it more relaxing to express their problems openly when nobody is aware of their real identity. For instance, there are those in developing countries, suffering from sexually transmitted infections like AIDS, who would easily seek for specialists’ help with a false identity on social media chatting services.

     

      Nevertheless, the very same features that convert social media into practical tools are likely to make them potentially hazardous. Take anonymity as a case in point that might result in a number of cyber-crimes, the most hideous of which are cyber-bullying and phishing, which could be especially problematic for vulnerable adolescents should they not be careful enough. Furthermore, social websites and applications are bound to be addictive. According to World Health Organization issued reports in 2017, internet addiction has been classified among psychological disorders, leading to sedentary lifestyles and sleep deprivation in a large number of juveniles even in far-flung corners of the world.

      

    All things considered, whether internet-based media is healthy or unhealthy would directly be contingent upon how they are utilized. The key to reaping benefits of the cutting-edge technology while evading problems is to take advantage of such tools productively and in moderation.

     

     Hamid Mollazadeh

    Word count: 330

    Time: 55′

  • IELTS Essay Sample: Superstition arises from ignorance

    Superstition arises from ignorance, but why do you think the advancement of science and modern education has not yet been able to eradicate such baseless beliefs?

    Taking superstitions seriously has been a source of contention for long as not everybody believes in irrational beliefs and supernatural influences, especially when they may lead to good or bad luck. No matter how developed science and technology are or will be in the future, I concede superstations are here to stay due to the reasons this essay will discuss.

    To begin with, superstitions are deeply ingrained in most people from an early age. Across the globe, young boys and girls are taught methodically to have faith in and show reverence for such creeds; in other words, they are indispensable parts of most cultures regardless of modern education systems they might use. Take Iran as a case in point where adolescents learn not only to avoid being jinxed but also to ward off evil eyes by burning esfand, a century-old tradition that is still in practice.

    Furthermore, widely held but scientifically unproven belief in supernatural influences can be a soothing control mechanism. To put it simply, some feel desperate to find reasons for the misfortunes they suffer. Were it not for superstitions, they would not be able to hide their mistakes by putting the blame on luck that in their viewpoint can only be controlled by paranormal forces. According to recent surveys, a large proportion of Sri Lankans believe in the paranormal in some form, one of which is performing animal sacrifices to soothe away their discomfort by asking the supernatural for good luck.

    To sum up, deeply rooted in people’s belief system, superstitions are as old as human history; as a result, they are unlikely to fade away in a foreseeable future no matter how much science and technology advance.

    Hamid Mollazdeh

    Word count: 300

    Time: 45′

  • IELTS Essay Sample: High Time to Pull the Plug on Dam Constructions

    High Time to Pull the Plug on Dam Constructions

     

    The mind boggles when officials take turns in proudly announcing that plans are underway to complete 120 dams across the country, of which 43 “must” be ready by 2022. Of the 172 dams in Iran close to 96 are running out of water.

     

    Due to the systemic decline in rainfall, especially in the central and southern regions, more than half (54%) the dams, except for those in Kermanshah Province, are less than 40% full.

     

    Each of the 120 incomplete dams needs minimum $50 million to be up and running. Given that average annual precipitation (200 millimeters) declined by 50% during the last decade, academia, environmentalists and water experts ask one simple question: Why do officials insist on building more dams when they know very well that there is no water to store.

     

    It is obvious that those in charge in Tehran know that the rate at which dams are built in the world has plunged from almost 1,000 a year in the mid-1970s to about 250 in the early 2000s.

     

    Moreover, the World Commission on Dams has found out that dams at best have been marginally viable in economic terms. The average cost overrun of dams is 56. Translation: when a dam is predicted to cost $1 billion, it ends up costing $1.56 billion. In many cases, the burden of uneconomic dams falls on the shoulders of the people of that country while the project contractors walk away with a tidy profit and another project to add to their portfolio. 

     

    Nonetheless, some officials, including Mohammad Hajrasouliha, chief executive of Iran’s Water Resources Management Company (a subsidiary of the Energy Ministry) justify their pro-dam policy and say that the 43 dams that should become operational at an estimated cost of $1.5 billion in the next three years are crucial for potable water supply.

     

    ***Alternatives

     

    Authorities seem to be oblivious of the fact that building dams is not the only way to meet rising demand, especially when it is said that 700 million cubic meters of water is wasted in the country every year. Thus, no matter how many dams are built, a huge amount of water will be wasted unless dilapidated underground piping systems in cities and towns are either repaired or replaced.

     

    Moreover, helping farmers upgrade their outdated irrigation systems in the deprived areas, taking advantage of treated sewage, gray-water, storm-water for non-potable purposes such as farming, recharging underground water sources during a wet year or a season (often winter) when water is available as well as promoting judicious consumption patterns are among alternatives that have been ignored and not attracted half the attention as dam building.

     

    Farming and growing crops generally is wasteful, especially in the poorer regions. Experts say the cheapest and most effective way of providing more water to cities and small towns is to increase and augment water efficiency it he key agro sector. Alleviating seepage and waste in the urban water supply networks must also top the priority list.

     

    Problems of dams namely ecological disruption and seepage and evaporation notwithstanding, in Iran’s rent-based economy dam construction is still profitable because such projects are not necessarily undertaken by one or two contractors. The norm is that more than 10 contractors are involved as they keep changing and work gets delayed.

     

    According to Paris-based International Commission on Large Dams, an international non-governmental organization dedicated to the sharing of professional information and knowledge of the design and construction, Iran is ranked second after Turkey in building dams. It merits mention that the average annual precipitation in the neighboring country at 600 millimeters is three times of Iran.

     

    The bottom line is that dams, though crucial sources of water and electricity, are not the optimal solution to alleviate Iran’s water crisis under the present conditions.

     

    True, it is not possible to eliminate all dams. But concerted efforts must be made to pull the plug on dam constructions. Failing to do so will indeed create dangerous illusions of water abundance and make a bad situation worse.

     

    Hamid Mollazadeh

    Word count: 650

    Time: 1:30′

     

     

  • IELTS Writing Task 2: Air pollution

    Air pollution is the largest environmentally-related global health risk of our time.

    What is the menace rooted in?

    What are the health impacts?

    What steps should be followed to face the constant threat?

    The fact that air pollution jeopardizes the lives of a large number of children, adolescents and adults across the globe is glaringly evident. The grave danger could be attributed not only to burning fossil fuels but also to exhaust emissions of factories and industries. This essay will also discuss both detrimental effects and efficient ways to counter the serious threat.

    Focusing on contributing factors, a great deal of air pollution comes from energy consumption and production. To put it simply, burning fossil fuels like coal and other factory combustibles releases an array of greenhouse gases and hazardous chemicals into the air, the most lethal of which are sulfur and carbon dioxide. Moreover, pollutants released from vehicles including planes, dilapidated cars and smog-inducing gas-guzzlers that have long outlived their usefulness produce immense amount of toxic fumes, resulting in the death of estimated 4.2 million people per annum according to World Health Organization data issued in 2016.

    Regarding the negative impacts, in the young as well as in the elderly, both short- and long-term exposure to air pollution can lead to respiratory infections and aggravated asthma. Adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight in addition to pre-term labor during pregnancy are associated with being exposed to ambient air pollution. Furthermore, emerging evidence suggests diesel fumes may develop diabetes and neurological disorders in young boys and girls.

    Moving on to much-needed steps to tackle the issue, on a personal level, driving and flying less, recycling and energy conservation can help reduce people’s carbon footprint—the amount of carbon dioxide a person is responsible for putting into the atmosphere. On a larger scale, governments ought to be required to limit vehicle and industrial emissions by putting direct taxes on carbon emissions or imposing higher levies on gasoline so that city dwellers and industrial complexes will have greater incentives to conserve energy and pollute less. Needless to say, restrictions on old trucks and buses can help improve air quality, especially in the cold season when pollution levels peak.

    The bottom line is that manmade pollution intensified by weather conditions is here to stay and take a heavy toll unless both officials and ordinary citizens do their fair share to help alleviate the worsening crisis.

    Mollazadeh

    Word count: 380

    Time: 60′